What is Oral Thrush
A Oral Thrush, also known as a hordeolum, is a red, painful lump that forms on the edge of the eyelid. It occurs when one of the eyelid's oil glands becomes infected or blocked. Oral Thrushs are usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus.
Causes of Oral Thrush
White or Creamy Patches: Raised, curd-like white or creamy patches that can be easily scraped off are a common sign of oral thrush.
A weakened immune system is a common predisposing factor for oral thrush. Conditions such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, organ transplantation, and autoimmune diseases can compromise the immune system's ability to control fungal overgrowth.
The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics can disrupt the natural balance of microorganisms in the mouth. Antibiotics kill beneficial bacteria that help keep Candida growth in check, leading to an overgrowth of the fungus.
Prolonged use of corticosteroids, such as those used in asthma inhalers or for the treatment of autoimmune disorders, can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of oral thrush.
Tobacco smoke can damage the oral mucosa, impairing its ability to fend off fungal infections. Smoking also weakens the immune system, making it easier for Candida to multiply.
Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate oral hygiene allows bacteria and yeast to accumulate in the mouth, potentially leading to an overgrowth of Candida.